Flora and Fauna of Nainital

The District of Nainital is blessed with all types of zones responsible for the growth of diverse flora and fauna in the area. The area has different varieties of soil for different plantations. The deep valleys of Nainital having an elevation up to 1000 meters providing an ideal climate for growing plants of both hilly areas and the plains.

The dense forests is a habitat for a large number of animals like the Himalayan languor, Indian porcupine, wild pig, monkey, barking deer, black capped marten, gural, and brown flying squirrel.

Flora and Fauna of Nainital One can also hear the humming of a large number of birds in these forests. Some of them are jungle crow, streaked laughing thrush, grey winged black bird, house sparrow, the Himalayan tree creeper, house crow, green backed tit.  

Nainital lakes are inhabited with a variety of fishes commonly known as carps. There are both major and minor carps. The major ones have three classes, mahaseer, hill trout (commonly known as asela or rasela), and mirror carp. The carps are bred on a large scale in Nainital.

The place also has grooves of Kaphal, Sal ,Oak, Pine, and Buruns trees that are as tall as 6000 ft. At much higher altitudes, Deodar and Surai trees are a common sight.

For flora lovers, some of the important trees and bushes growing in the woods are Panger, Akhrot, Hill Pipal, Chinar, Angu, Kilmora, Kunj, Hisalu, Weeping Willow, and Pine. Especially in the Bhabhar region, one can see Babul and Kikar trees in abundance apart from Sal, Shisham, and Khair.

Nainital takes horticulture on a big way. It is one of the major fruit growing districts of the country. A large portion of the land is converted into orchards for growing peaches, pears, apricots, kafals, strawberries, etc. Apple orchards, a prime attraction, are found along the Ramgarh and Mukteshwar belt. Lichis that grow in the Ramnagar area are quite famous.

Floriculture is also coming up in on a large scale due to the favourable climate for growing flowers. Besides, tea plantations are also growing in number on the slopes of Niglat & Ghorakhal.

In the Tarai and Bhabhar belt, a number of plants having medicinal value grow. For example, herbs like Ashok, Bhringraj, Bhilwa, Varun, and Gambhari.

Under-the-water life of the district is equally enchanting. Some of the aquatic species living in these waters are potomageton pectinatus, potomageton crispus, polygonum glabrum, holygonum amphibium, and hydrilla verticellata

Adventure in Nainital

If you are looking for a holiday getaway that provides you with utmost excitement, then Nainital is an ideal choice. The adventurous spirit of the place is beautifully entwined in its mesmerizing landscape and snow-clad mountain peaks. You only need to pack your bags and book a ticket to rush to this amazing creation of Mother Nature. 

Adventure in Nainital Some of the adventures sports in Nainital include trekking, river rafting, sailing, yachting, sky diving, Canoeing, paragliding, and rock climbing. These sports are not only thrilling but they also help you to go beyond your set limits. Such activities are great confidence boosters and fear removers. 

If you want to be in the shoes of a bird and want to fly, then paragliding is a great option. You can also have a glance at the enthralling beauty of Nainital from the sky.

If you stay on plains, then water competitions are something that you normally watch in T.V. this place gives you an opportunity to a part of the cheering crowd of many such competitions that are normally organized during the summer season.

Camping is organized if you want to experience the challenges of living on a hill station. It also enables you to come very close to the Nature. Camping includes various different activities like flying fox, bonfires, yoga, hikes, and bouldering.

Mainly for the fearless and the tough lot, rock climbing is available. It is a sport to experiment with if you want to test your physical and emotional strength. However, for your safety during this risky adventure, guides and instructors are available every time. Ensure that you take all the necessary precautions to enjoy this nerve-chilling sport to the fullest.

If you are looking for short-time adventures, then Horse Riding is an easily available option. You can get on the horseback and feel like a king taking a ride on the Mall. Pony rides are available for children.

Nature walks is a never-to-miss activity for photographers, nature lovers, and solace seekers. 

To help you minimize your travel time and spend maximum hours on enjoyment, adventure camps are normally organized at the hillock known as ‘Tanki Bend,’ that is only 5 kilometers from the main town. Moreover, many travel agencies organize camping, trekking, and other adventure tours for students during vacations. These packages get customized for corporate tours and large family groups following negotiations with the respective agencies.

Holiday Packages in Nainital

Nainital is commonly considered as the queen of hill stations. It is an ideal holiday getaway, in the Himalayas, for tourists throughout the year. The pleasant weather conditions combined with its scenic beauty provides enough motivation to people to chill out completely during their vacation. A range of adventure sports like trekking and paragliding keeps adrenaline of thrill-seekers running fast in their veins. The place is picture perfect, as it surrounded by the Nainital Lake on three sides and has a range of Himalayan Mountains in the background.

Holiday Packages in Nainital The hill station is commercialized and developed to provide utmost facilities to its guests. A good accommodation at effective rates provided by the hotels is also a crowd-puller to Nainital. Every hotel or guesthouse normally has various attractive holiday packages that aim at providing maximum facilities for different vacation budgets. The hotels range from five-stars to budget or economy class. Heritage hotels provide an experience of living in the colonial era, and it also provides a homely environment for those who want to stay for a long duration at the place.

In between these extreme categories, lie four-star hotels. They provide with a comfortable stay at a price where you can also experience the luxury of a five-star hotel. Honeymoon couples and families are mainly on their guest-list.

People who prefer serenity and want to stay away from the hustle-bustle of the town can opt for hotels situated on hilltops facing the magnificent mountains. They provide cab facilities for sightseeing and visiting the Mall Road.

The Shervani Hilltop Hotel and Hotel Arif Castles are examples of four-star hotels in Nainital. The Shervani Hilltop Hotel, with a capacity of thirty rooms, is a resort that provides an unmatched view of the Nain Lake and the snow-clad mountain peaks. The resort is cozy and has a restaurant providing mouth-watering menu for different tastes.

Hotel Arif Castles, which is normally considered to provide a wonderful staying experience, is also strategically situated to provide an awesome view of the Nature’s beauty and the grasslands surrounding the area. It has an accommodation capacity of 65 rooms and suites having decent décor and latest fixtures. If you want to admire the starry nights and feel the winter chill, then the hotel offers the facility of staying in Swiss cottage tents. You can enjoy a hot cup of coffee with a hot dessert from the multi-cuisine restaurant of the hotel.

Visiting Places In Nainital

Nainital is known for its scenic beauty and snow-clad peaks of the Himalayan ranges. Surrounded by lakes, it has many sight-seeing spots. Some of the visiting places in and around Nainital are:

Naina Devi Temple Naina Devi Temple

According to mythology, when Lord Shiva was carrying the dead and charred body of his wife Parvati, her body remains fell at different places on Earth that are today known as Shakti Peeths. So, Naina Devi Temple is one of the peeths were here eyes fell. Deities of Mata Kali and Lord Ganesha are also found in the temple.

St. John’s Church

Build in 1847, it is one of the oldest buildings in Nainital. In order to commemorate the landslide victims, few bodies were dug out and buried in the church area.


This deepest lake of Nainital has nine corners and is situated merely 24 kilometers from the main town. The area surrounding the lake has dense forested hills that make the view mystical for tourists. There is a sacred belief that anyone who can see all the nine corners at the same time attains enlightenment. Beautiful views of meadows and plains make this place a paradise. The place is normally flocked with tourists throughout the year, so activities like trekking, paragliding, bird-watching are available for them.


‘Sat’ means ‘Seven.’ So, ‘Sattal’ means’ a group of seven lakes,’ which are nestled together. Sattal is 23 kilometers from Nainital at a height of 1370 meters. The seven lakes are Panna Tal, Purna Tal, Sukha Tal, Sita Tal, Laxman Tal, Ram Tal, and Nal-Damyanti Tal.


A hill resort, immersed in tall pine trees, provides a magnificent view of the Himalayan ranges. Located around 63 kilometers from Nainital, the place has a legend that says Raja Sudhardev had fallen for his queen Rani Padmini who liked the place so much that she decided to make it her residence. It is after her name that the place was called Ranikhet, meaning the Queen’s Field. The place has a huge polo ground where people can try playing the sport. The place is famous for two temples, Jhoola Devi Mandir and Kali Devi ka Mandir.


About 22 kilometers from Nainital, the lake is largest in the Nainital district and is surrounded by an island. It is also an intersection point for Naukuchiatal and Kathgodam. The lake is named after Bhima, one of the Pandava brothers from Mahabharata. It is an ideal sport for long jungle walks and boating. It is clean and less congested.

Nainital Packages

The introduction of holiday packages has played a pivotal role in accelerating the development of the Indian tourism industry. A holiday package is a convenient and safe option for people, who want to safeguard themselves from the problems of visiting an unknown place. The travel operator acts a guardian and takes care of all its guests in the new place. As per the package details, the operator takes them to the promised sightseeing locations, provides them with an accommodation and meals, and makes them commute in his own conveyance. Holiday packages makes you plan and organize your visit in advance.

Nainital Packages Nainital is a popular tourist place on the list of holiday packages. Regular newspaper advertisements and travel websites provide comprehensive details on latest Nainital packages. Every package varies on the basis of tenure of stay, time of the year, accommodation, travel budget, meals, and the travel cost. There are family packages, honeymoon packages, packages for adventurers, and many more. They are all offered at great discounts. You can choose a package suiting your requirement.

The packages are available for all the seasons keeping into consideration the year round demand for the place due to its mesmerizing landscape, exotic peaks, and rich flora and fauna. However, all the packages have certain common features. One of them is a visit to the Nain temple, boating in Naini Lake, and walk in the woods. You are provided with a daily schedule well-in-advance at the time of registering for a package. The tour operators try their level best to stick to the plan. However, unforeseen circumstances like land sliding; heavy rainfall may alter the plan a little at the last moment. Despite of all this, the operators strive hard to make your vacation an enjoyable experience.

Now, let’s see an example of an attractive three-day holiday package covering prime locations of Nainital. The package first provides a brief introduction of the place, as given below. Nainital, also known as the ‘City of Lakes’ is situated at an altitude of 1,938 m above the sea level. It was a former summer retreat of the British officials and is named after a sacred Shakti Peeth called the Naina Devi Temple.

The city is full of many tals and lakes that embellish the beauty of the place. Within the package, one can get to see Sattal, Khurpa Tal, Naukuchia Tal, and Naini Lake. One can enjoy different water sports in these water bodies. Visitors can also indulge in outdoor activities like jeep tours on high-terrains, kayaking, horse riding, and rock climbing.

Nainital Hill Station

Nainital, a hill station situated in the Kumaon Hills of the state of Uttaranchal, provides all the experiences of enjoying a stay in a hilly region. It provides a beautiful view of the Naini Lake that is situated in the center of the place and is surrounded by a long stretch of mall that gets lit-up at night providing a unique strolling experience amid a cool breeze to its tourists.

Nainital is also known as the Lake District of India because it initially had nine lakes and some of them provide life-sustaining waters to the world-famous Jim Corbett National Park. You can enjoy boating with your family and friends in the placid water of the lake. Children can enjoy pony rides on the mall while you can capture the scenic beauty around you in your cameras. You can also take them to a zoo that is about only a kilometer away from the Nainital bus stand.

Nainital Hill Station The place also has a holy significance due to the presence of Naina Devi Temple that is situated on the shore of the lake. It is a must visit for all the visitors who want to seek the blessings of Goddess Naina. A visit to Raj Bhavan or Governor’s House will show you the 19th century Victorian Gothic style architecture and an insight into the lifestyle of the British officials. The bhavan is a two-storied mansion that was the summer residence for the British Governor of the Northwest Province.

The Eco Cave Gardens is another tourist attraction that has six caves and a musical fountain. The place takes you in the ancient era and has educative value for children as they get to know how animals earlier lived in these caves.

Nainital is a popular destination for adventurers and sports-lovers who seek excitement. It provides a thrilling riding experience to bikers who zoom along the steep hilly roads of the district. Some of the other activities are river rafting, sunset hikes, jeep safaris, and trekking. You can take a ropeway to have a magnificent view of the nature’s beautiful creation. Apart from this, there are a number of peaks like Naina Peak, Tiffin Top, and Snow View Point that offers a complete view of the Himalayan ranges and its snow-clad peaks.

Journey to reach the place is also convenient. One can directly reach via cab or can get down at the nearest railway station i.e. Kathgodam.

Sight Seeing in Nainital

Besides enjoying the grand view of the Kumaun ranges from your hotel room, you can also visit a number of places, famous as tourist spots, in Nainital. It will help you know the place, its history, and local life in a much better way. Moreover, you can also spend your days sightseeing without getting bored in your rooms.

Some of the places of sightseeing are:

Sight Seeing in Nainital Tiffin Top – It is a mountain peak on Ayarpatta hill at an altitude of around 2300mts above sea level. The spot is 4 kilometers away from Nainital and provides a magnificent view of the countryside and the Himalayan ranges. The place also has a stonework perch known as Dorothy seat that was built in the memory of an English lady painter Dorothy Kellet by her husband.

Land’s End – It is another mountain peak that is located next to the Tiffin Top. Hence, you can cover seeing both the spots in a single trip. Land’s End provides a splendid view of the stagnant waters of Khurpatal.

Eco Cave Garden: It is the latest tourist spot in Nainital and is located a kilometer above Mallital near Kumaon University Campus. The place has around 6 caves of different animals that lived during pre-historic times. You can walk through the caves and get a feel of the animals’ domicile. It is a fun-visit for children and also has educative value.

Naina Peak – Also known as China Peak or Cheena Peak, it is at an altitude of about 2600 meters above sea level and is located above Mallital. It is famous because it is the highest point of the Nainital town and offers an unobstructed view of snow-clad peaks of the gigantic Himalayan range and a miniscule view of the Naini Lake and the town.

The Flatts – It is a vast, plain area situated near the Naini Lake having a cemented playground for sports activity like polo and hockey, a busy bazaar, and a statue of Govind Ballabh Pant. The holy Naina Devi temple, a gurudwara, and a mosque are also situated on the flats enabling people of different religious backgrounds to come and pray.

The Mall Road – it is a long stretch of road surrounding the Naini Lake. Named as Govind Ballabh Pant Marg, the mall has a large number of shops, restaurants, hotels, banks, etc. People stroll along the mall to experience the soothing air of the hills.

Holidays In Nainital

Nainital is a hot vacation retreat due to its pleasant climatic conditions and beautiful landscape nestling fresh water lakes in its arms. It is a picturesque location that provides a glimpse of the magic of the Mother Earth in one sight. The Kumaon hill, on which the hill station is located, has dense woods providing life to a rich flora and fauna. The place is full of many medicinal plants that are highly demanded for their great therapeutic properties.

Climate and the quality of soil make horticulture and fruit-growing are popular commercial activities. Overall, a visit to the place not only rejuvenates your tired nerves but also adds educative value to your trip. With the help of a reliable and registered guide, you can learn a lot about the life on the hills.

Holidays In Nainital Nainital town is the heart of the hill station. All hotels, shopping centers, and tourists facilities are situated in and around this area. The place has something to offer to everyone, be it college youngsters, children, women, adventurers, senior citizens, and even business visitors. Moreover, its good connectivity with all modes of transport makes your travel to and from the place comfortable and relaxing.

The place has a range of activities for everyone. Boating and yachting are the most popular ones. Horse riding for small children and trekking for the young must be experienced. The older ones can sit for long hours near the Naini Lake under the British-style lamp post and enjoy the cool breeze while admiring the majestic beauty of these hills.

The shopping areas like Bhotia Bazaar and Bara Bazaar are inundated with shops selling candles and local handicraft stuff. Nainital is known for the unique designs of its candles that are available at dearth cheap prices. Restaurants, in the vicinity, have a variety of items suiting different tastes. So, whenever you feel tired of shopping or walking on the Mall, you can step into any of these eateries to regain your energy level. As the commercial market is well-developed, you can easily get all daily essentials from the shop next door.

For sight-seeing lovers, there are beautiful peak points like Naina Peak and Tiffin Top, Eco Cave Garden, the Flatts, Observatory, Naina Devi Temple, etc. There are many other lakes near Nainital like the Bhimtal Lake and the Sattal Lake. You must try to visit these places to complete your visit.

Nainital Lake and Boating

The Naini Lake is the main attraction of Nainital, a hill station situated in the state of Uttarakhand. The surface of the lake is 1.935 m above sea level. The length and the breath of the lake are approximately 1,434 meters and 463 meters. Historically, it is believed that the lake was brought into existence by the mystical powers of three holy saints.

Nainital Lake and Boating Every day, the lake witnesses a large number of tourists who want to sail through its water while gazing at the majestic beauty of the hills surrounding the waters. Children like to enjoy the boat ride. They feel delighted by putting their hands into the cool water. It is also an ideal location for taking pictures of the scenic beauty and the family members boating in the lake waters.

Groups of young people, who are generally on school or college trips, find boat rides fantastic. They enjoy teasing their friends by throwing water on them, hitting others’ boats, and even getting into a race.

The boats are available in different sizes and are given on rent accordingly. Some of them are colored and look like swans and are mainly popular with kids. The rest have a regular boat shape. One can rent them from several boating points along the Mall Road. Normally, one can choose any boat as per his liking. However, during peak seasons, the boats are rented according to the number of people on a single ride. For instance, a couple usually gets a two-seater. For non-members, few yachts are also available on rent from the Nainital Boat Club.

The club is situated on the lake and is famous for its water sports competitions. It was constructed during the British rule for the officials and their families. It is said that the famous hunter-turned-conservationist Jim Corbett was denied membership to the club because of his Indian origin.

Though non-members are not allowed but you can visit as a guest with a club member. The club has a bar, a library, a ballroom, and a restaurant. The food served here is authentic, tasty yet cheap.

Tourist Places in Nainital

The entire Nainital district has a number of tourist places. You simply need to plan your schedule and move accordingly to cover as many destinations as possible. To know about the tourist spots, you can refer to the websites on tourism, contact the Uttaranchal tourism department, or can even coordinate with a tour operator.

However, some of the places that you can visit are mentioned here. Hanuman Garhi is a place that has a temple of Lord Hanuman and was built many, many years ago. Located at an altitude of 1950 meters, it provides mesmerizing sunrise and sunset views. Near the temple, an observatory is located and it is a must-visit for everyone. The night view of the moon from the observatory is a unique experience. The place provides a learning opportunity to young children.

Tourist Places in Nainital Another place you can visit is the St. John Church. It was erected by the British during the pre-independence period. It has historical significance because it is one of the oldest structures in Nainital. Moreover, some of the world-famous schools such as St. Mary’s Convent School, Sherwood College, and All Saints College are located in this area. You can plan a visit to have a look at such institutions. However, you won’t be allowed to enter the school premises.

You can also take an aerial ropeway from the Mall to have a splendid view of the Tibetan borders, Himalayan ranges, and the entire landscape in one trip. It is always better to plan it during daytime. Early mornings can be foggy and late evenings can be dark.

Nani Lake is the landmark of Nainital. It provides a fun-loving boating experience to people in its calm water. Boating Club of Nainital organizes the Kingfisher Yachting Competition in the month of June every year. If you are planning to visit Nainital during this time of the year, it is a must-watch.

A visit to the Dorothy Seat can be done via a 5 kilometer trek to the place from the plains. It is ideal for first-time trekkers. The place is also a popular picnic spot for locals as well as tourists. Snow View Point is another location from where you can have a splendid view of the snow on the mountains. Being nearest to the main Nainital town, it can be reached on a horse back. View point is another vintage point that you must try to visit.